The Term Artificial Intelligence (AI) was coined in 1956, but AI has become popular today.
We at Ubrica, with the use of Ubricoin to implement health projects, will ensure sufficient support for discovery of solutions to most troubling health problems emerging from the African continent. It is our aim to build and provide high advanced health care services that will embrace Artificial Intelligence (AI).
AI, is a computer technology used for the purpose of collecting data for research purpose, detect diseases, manage chronic diseases and deliver health services. AI has the potential to aid early detection of infectious disease outbreaks and sources of epidemics, such as water contamination. It has the ability to collect, analyze and make sense of extensive amounts of unstructured and variable data; visual images, text and statistical numbers. Making it more powerful and effective at performing tasks. Currently we have major disease areas that use AI tools, these include cancer, neurological and cardiological disease.
With the ability to use a computer, AI can perform tasks that are similar to those of human learning, as well as decision making. The AI system will use speech, text recognition to compare the symptoms and medical history provided by the patient, against a database of symptoms, diseases and diagnosis.
Our goal using AI tool is to bring together all human health data, historical record, the modern electrical health record, new patient data, research studies, clinical trials, drug and device development and more. And to analyze it all, AI will offer correlations, recommendations for treatment and put the information into the hands of healthcare professionals.
Human researchers typically only read a few hundred published medical articles per year, out of the thousands that are available. Using AI to read and analyze and correlate these articles will present a more efficient solution, faster and accurately.
Benefits of AI
AI performs frequent high volume computer tasks without fatigue. AI cannot be sold as an individual, rather it is improved. AI can act as life coaches reminding patients to take pills, exercise or eat healthier. AI can also improve health crisis due to lack of availability of doctors, nurses and other clinically trained staff, long ques in hospitals and clinics, long wait times for specialized surgeries and other procedures.
By allowing AI to handle large volume of simple care and diagnostic tasks, will free up doctors and nurses to attend to more complex cases. We know a doctor can be prone to misdiagnosis due to how difficult it can be to distinguish specific diseases; with AI medical errors this can be reduced.
Despite its benefits, AI faces its own challenges as well. AI system for health focuses on a single task, it cannot be given another different task. AI is far from behaving like humans who are able to multi-task.
AI has been slow to develop in the healthcare system due to outdated computer systems, doctor shortages, fragmented or non-existent data.
AI only limitation is, it learns from the data its fed on. The only way in which knowledge can be incorporated. Therefore, any inaccuracies in the data using the traditional internet method, will be reflected in the results. But using Blockchain technology, there is no central location that stores data, thus data cannot be tampered with.
Before the AI systems can be developed in healthcare, they need to be trained through data generated from clinical activities. Such as screening, diagnosis, treatment and so on. Hence time consuming.
As we conclude, bringing about AI in healthcare will be a challenge but we all know as the Swahili people say, ‘haba na haba hujaza kibaba,’ which means little by little fills the measure, and so little by little, step by step with patience, AI is advancing by the day. Although, it is not the next panacea for health problems.
Jane M. Jeremiah