ENTRUST SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING ART AND MATHEMATICS YOUTH MENTORSHIP CAMP

ENTRUST YOUTH MENTORSHIP CAMP BY STEPHJOY AND UBRICA

The Third Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics CampThursday December 5, 2019 – Sunday December 8, 2019

THEME – ENTROPY: MONEY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Background of the problem

Knowledge is verified or falsified information, processed and interpreted into meaning and significance, wisdom and leadership (Gilder 2013). In Africa, knowledge is not processed to turn to information that can be converted into money. Knowledge is only confined to microstate in isolated systems such as universities and learning institutions (i.e., the ivory tower syndrome). Isolated systems create a state of very low entropy. Low entropy is caused by lack of a clear channel to transport knowledge from the university to the community (See e.g., Clausius, 1899; Godel, 1931; Shanon 1948). Knowledge in the universities and learning institutions, should be turned to information that would add value to commercial products which create wealth.

Power is the ability to endow knowledge with effectiveness, providing reliable low entropy channels of law, finance and governance, or to suppress or overrule knowledge by coercion (Guilder 2013). Power in Africa is mindless. It is driven by corruption and political positions. Prosperity in an economy is brought about by dispersion of knowledge from the microstate and from isolated systems, such as the learning institutions, to the community. Dispersion creates conditions for high entropy (Clausius, 1899). The dispersal of knowledge is then complemented by equal dispersal of wealth creation and power. Creating a channel for dispersing knowledge achieves the goal of dispersing power to the communities.

In Africa, knowledge is divorced from power. When knowledge is separated from power, knowledge does not turn to information and therefore it does not turn to money. Thus, the available knowledge and people in position of power do not have economic value in the society. To create economic value and wealth we have to unify knowledge and power through science, technology, engineering arts and mathematic [STEAM] (Gilder, 2008).

Statement of the Problem

In Africa people in positions of power do not have knowledge and people with knowledge don’t have power. Knowledge is separated from power with grave consequences (Gilder, 2013). When knowledge is separated from power it does not turn into information. Knowledge, therefore, does not turn into money. Knowledge becomes money only when it becomes information. Information brings power when it turns to money.

For knowledge to turn into information we have to create conditions for high entropy. The specific problem is that the process for creating conditions for high entropy of knowledge in Kenya is not clear.

Purpose of the 3rd Entrust STEAM Camp

The purpose of this STEAM Camp 2019 is to gather class 8 and high school students and graduates in Kenya at Stephjoy Girls’ High School to teach them how they can use STEAM to unify knowledge and power. The Camp will take place from Thursday, December 5to Sunday, December 8, 2019.

The camp seeks to answer the following questions:

  1. How can we use STEAM to turn knowledge into information so that it can become money?
  2. What is the scientific process for creating high entropy of knowledge that will convert knowledge into information and information into money? 

Significance

  1. Students will learn how to use STEAM to find solutions to vexing problems of daily life.
  2. The camp will help students to select careers that can help them find profound solutions in their professional lives.
  3. Students and parents will get to know the importance of knowledge and information.
  4. Students and parents will learn how to use science for the betterment of society.  
  5. Students will learn how science, technology and mathematics convert knowledge to information and information into money to reconcile knowledge with power.

Once the students experience the practical learning session of the STEAM camp, they will be motivated to grow into creative thinkers. The students will be able to generate powerful ideas for solving real-world problems.

How we do it

We have held 2 successful camps so far, one in December 2018 and one in April 2019. Parents from all over the country bring their children to the camp for an enlightening experience. We invite professionals from different career fields to come and work with students. The professionals engage the students in the morning sessions in podium presentations. Afternoons are for practical and interactive sessions. During these sessions, we give the students a problem where they sit in groups and work out possible solutions. Evenings include panel discussions with the students and specialists from different professions.

The theme for this camp is Money, Science and Technology. The students will learn how the three work together to create profound value. The camp will use Ubricoin as a technology to illustrate how to unify knowledge and power.

Money as Information: Entropy of Knowledge

All information is surprise. Only surprise qualifies as information. Entropy is information in terms of uncertainty. The higher the uncertainty, the higher the entropy in a system, and the higher the amount of information in a system. The system between the university and the village (for example, the university science and technology park and produce value addition center in a village [USTP-PVAC system] has very high entropy). Entropy is the amount of uncertainty of knowledge in the system before the USTP sets in. Information is the knowledge that the PVAC gains after the USTP has set in the PVAC. Information is the change between what we know before university transmits knowledge to the village, and what people in the village know after knowledge is transmitted to them.

Adam Smith (1776) focused on economics of order, how a market confronted with change restored new order, a new equilibrium. Rather than economics of order, knowledge economy relies on mathematics of randomness, a rigorous mandate for freedom of choice. When we strip all the baggage, we arrive at the concept of probability. All we need is certain randomness that there is uncertainty to the outcome. Key concept of information is probability, a genuine randomness that cannot be explained by anything more fundamental not caused by anything. For a given set of largely observable properties of knowledge, every possible configuration of elements of knowledge that could give these properties is equally likely.

Shannon defined information in terms of binary digits (bits) and measured information by concept of information entropy, or unexpected or surprising bits. Information entropy is governed by a logarithmic equation that derives its power from the Rudolf Clausius (1865) second law of thermodynamics, that entropy tends to be maximum. Shannon’s entropy in a system is maximum when all bits in a system are equally improbable and cannot be further compressed without loss of information.

Linear economics of disorder, disequilibrium and surprise could explain and measure the contribution of entrepreneurs (Guilder, 2013). For a given macrostate of knowledge, all microstates consistent with its elements of knowledge properties are equally likely. For some macrostates of knowledge, there are lots of different microstates of elements of knowledge that lead roughly to the same properties.  While other macrostates can be produced by only a few microstates. If we leave the system alone, it will eventually try all microstates possible. All arrangements of elements of knowledge will eventually happen spontaneously.

Instead of elements of knowledge being distributed by position space, a macrostate of knowledge is really defined by how elements of knowledge are distributed through the phase space. The average distribution of an element of knowledge in a single individual in a phase space defines the knowledge properties of the system. If we leave a system long enough, its elements of knowledge will find their way and combine in all different possible forms. The vast majority of possible distributions of knowledge elements leave the system in a state in which knowledge is maximally spread out.

In knowledge entropy, the only special arrangement of elements of knowledge that change entropy are the ones that change knowledge properties. The macrostate that defines knowledge equilibrium is by definition the one with most microstates of elements of knowledge, the maximum entropy, assuming we do not force the system from outside, say by government interference. In a system with a clear channel of flow of knowledge, the probability of all elements of knowledge gathering in the same corner, say in a university is very low. Entropy is thus a measure of freedom of choice of where knowledge will go. When the probability of elements of knowledge gathering in the same corner is not zero, it gives rise to an ivory tower, where there is no freedom of choice of what to do with the knowledge.

Entropy is a measure of the number of positions that a state can occur. In this case, we define position of a state as an element of knowledge carried by a particular individual. In the example below (Figure 1 a and b), one sphere contains five elements knowledge and the other one contains zero elements of knowledge. Let us consider that the spheres on the left side to represent elements of knowledge in the university and spheres on the right represent knowledge in the community (say in the village). In panel (a) sphere contains 5 units of elements of similar knowledge, while the next sphere contains zero. There is immense knowledge in the university and negligible knowledge in the village. A state where all elements of knowledge are in the same sphere, has the lowest entropy because there is only one way the elements can combine.  In this state knowledge is said to be in ivory tower, and has the lowest entropy.

In panels (c) and (d) there five different ways that elements of knowledge in the university can combine with elements of knowledge in the community. In the panel (e) and (f) there are many different ways the elements can combine. When there are many ways that elements can combine, the system has high entropy. The more evenly the elements are distributed between the spheres, the higher the entropy. The more evenly knowledge is distributed between the university and the community, the greater the entropy. Since entropy always increases, elements of knowledge will evenly spread out the in   the university and the community if we wait long enough. When evenly spread out, elements of knowledge they will never gather again in one sphere no matter how long we wait, because entropy always increases.

Behavior of elements of knowledge is inherently probabilistic. Entropy applies to the area occupied by elements of knowledge in a nation. The concept of entropy does not apply to specific combinations of elements of knowledge. Rather, entropy applies to a measurement. Say, measurement of the area that elements of knowledge are confined to. If the elements are confined to a small area, say, a university, the system has less entropy than if they are confined to a larger area, say and entire county, a nation or the entire world through the world wide web. This is because, more combinations are possible in a larger area than in a smaller area (see figure 1 (e) and (f)). The internet is a very large area that allows very many combinations of elements of knowledge.

Each individual combination of elements of knowledge in a large area is equally likely to each individual combination of elements of in the small area. However, if we measure the area across which all elements of knowledge are spread out, then, the greater the area, the greater the number of combination positions of elements of knowledge are possible, because there are more combination positions available. The internet increases tremendously the number of combination positions of elements of knowledge from a particular university. We call widespread combination positions as macrostates of knowledge

For each possible macrostate, there are many possible combinations of positions and velocities of knowledge (microstates). The number of possible microstates is much larger for a macrostate with large area such as a county, or a nation. The internet is the largest macrostate of elements of knowledge. To maximize the entropy of elements of knowledge in a university all students and teaching staff must learn to work effectively on the internet. They must post their final published works on the world wide web.

If the number of possible microstates is larger, we say that a particular macrostate has high entropy. If number of combinations of elements of knowledge is very large on the internet, we can say that the internet has very high entropy. While, all microstates are equally likely, all macrostates are not equally likely. All individuals in a university are equally likely to produce innovations. Not all innovations are likely to become commercializable products in the real world.

UBRICOIN CHANNEL TRANSMITTING KNOWLEDGE OVER TIME AND SPACE

Because Shannon was remorselessly rigorous and restrained, his theory could be brought to bear on almost anything transmitted over time and space. Ubricoin, UBN as a transmitter of knowledge has large capacity for works of innovation that include design, engineering, manufacturing, marketing and distribution in a PVAC. Innovation is a complex endeavor dense with information at every stage. While the managing director of a PVAC will control information on many of the stages, the ultimate success will depend on existence of UBN working as a channel through which the innovation can be consummated. UBN channel for knowledge is vital to PVACs achievements.

PVACs will need existence of a stable channel that ideas conceived by combination of elements of knowledge at one point in time and space to arrive at another point in time and space. Essential to UBN as a channel is existence of Smithian (1776) order, such that essential features of the economic system in place at the beginning of the value adding processes at the PVAC are still there at the end. This is where a stable government policy comes in.  Essential Smithian features include free trade, reasonable regulations, sound currency (cryptocurrency), modest taxation and reliable protection of property rights. Thus success of PVACs as places for combination of elements of knowledge delivered through UBN channel will need an environment that does not drastically change in these critical elements. Technology developed at PVACs can radically change but the basic elements of the environment of operation of UBN channel cannot change drastically for free entrepreneurship to occur. As such, transmission of high entropy surprising elements of knowledge requires a low entropy unsurprising channel largely free of interference such as a cryptocurrency.

CHANNEL CAPACITY OF UBN

In microstate, we have no control over the position and velocity of elements of knowledge. But we have to control certain properties of the channel of knowledge such as the bandwidth, quality of the signal, and the noise. Shannon formulated his channel capacity theorem thus:

C = B log2 (1+S/N). Where, B = bandwidth of the channel; S = received signal power; and N = Gaussian noise. S/N ratio means that if the received signal has low power, the channel capacity is low. If the Gaussian noise is very high, the S/N ratio is extremely low, approaching zero. Very high noise in the channel reduces the capacity of the channel C to zero.

Bandwidth is the apparent physical carrying capacity of elements of knowledge, carried in each individual. Peer to peer, boundariless cryptocurrencies have a very high unrestricted bandwidth for passing unlimited amount of elements of knowledge from the university to the community. Cryptocurrency has bandwidth billion times greater than than those possible with paper money of fiat currency.

Noise is the change in the channel. An ideal noiseless channel is perfectly linear. A cryptocurrency such as UBN is an ideal channel. What goes in to the channel is what comes out. Such a channel is changeless. The message in the channel communicates the changes. The message of change can be distinguished from unchanging parameters of the channel.

Noise in the channel that reduce channel capacity comes from many sources including acts of God (e.g., earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions and the like). An overzealous government is the greatest source of noise and interference in a channel. The government interferes with channel in two ways:

  • when the government neglects its role as guardian of the channel by failing to create stable political and economic environments, and
  • when the government tries to help by becoming the transmitter, turning up the power to certain favored signals, and fills the channel with unpredictable political interference that depresses the sacrificial longterm investment of capital.

Interest rate is the opportunity cost of investment. When government manipulates interest rates of fiat is send false signals about investment breeding confusion that undermines entrepreneurial activity.
Economic friction of fiat currency is a great source of noise, that reduces channel capacity for transmission of university knowledge to communities to zero.

ASSIGNMENT

  1. Using the concept of entropy, what can we do to increase the outflow of knowledge from learning institutions (High schools, Colleges and Universities).
  2. Considering Shannon (1948) channel capacity equation:

 C = B x log2 (1+S/N)

What are the characteristics of a channel that can move large quantities of knowledge from learning institutions to the villages?

  • What would give a better channel between fiat and cryptocurrency (Buterin 2012: Nakamoto, 2008). Why? (Give 10 reasons).

REFERENCES

Buterin, V. (2012). A next generation smart contract and decentralized application platform. Retrieved from https://whitepaperdatabase.com/ethereum-eth-whitepaper/

Clausius, R. (1899). Entropy: Second law of thermodynamics. New York, London; Harper & Brothers publishers. Gateway Editions publisher. ISBN 1621576132, 9781621576136

Gilder, G. (2018). Life after Google: The fall of big data and the rise of the blockchain economy.Washington, DC; Regnery Publishing.

Gilder, G. (2013). Knowledge and power: The information theory of capitalism and how it is revolutionizing our world. Washington, DC; Regnery Publishing.

Gilder, G. (1981). Wealth and poverty. A new edition for the twenty-first century. Washington, DC; Regnery Publishing.

Gödel, K. (1931). On formally undecidable prepositions of principia mathmatica and related systems. New York; Dover Publications.

Nakamoto, S. (2008). Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system. Retrieved from https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

Shannon, C. (1948). A mathematical theory of communication. The Bell System Technical Journal, 27(3), 379-423, doi: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1948.tb01338.x.

Smith, A. (1776). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. 1 (1 ed.). London: W. Strahan. Retrieved from https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/smith-an-inquiry-into-the-nature-and-causes-of-the-wealth-of-nations-cannan-ed-vol-1

Turing, A. (1938). Systems of logic based on ordinals (PhD thesis). Princeton University. doi:10.1112/plms/s2-45.1.161.

How we plan to use community participation in developing the Ubrica Project: Co-creating with Kenyan Communities.

We have developed a community participation program called World Ubricoin Ambassador Program. The program is aimed at engaging community members in solving their problems through chapters.

A chapter is a group with members from a particular community. A chapter will be made of at least 13 people from a specific region. The main reason of developing chapters is from our understanding that knowledge is specific, and solutions to a certain problem should be specific. We know health is very poor in Kenya, but also we know other regions are worse than others. Coming up with a solution for all will be going against our principles. Each community have strengths and weaknesses so prescriptive interventions will not work. We talk of sustainable one health and in this theory a prescriptive intervention is not sustainable.

Community members knows better than people from outside that community. So a chapter in a specific area will be able to come up with solutions that are relevant and fit for that particular community considering what is locally available and what and their specific needs.

Co-creating with the chapters will help identify the specific problem in healthcare. Through the help of the Ubrica project we will then work together to solve it. An active chapter with at least 1000 chapter members will be legible for Retail Clinical Center or a Science and Technology Park for a chapter in the university or a chapter with a university.

The ambassadors will be responsible in bringing the members of the chapter together. We believe that the people joining the program already have a vision on how Ubricoin, Soko Janja and Ubrica Project will transform their community. So, the ambassadors will work to fulfil their vision on their community by working together with people in their community to change their situation.

This is your chance to do something in your community. Most of times we want to do something but we don’t know how. We have already provided you with a plan, you have the way to do it, your work is just implementing, and of course with the Ubrica office guidance you get to save lives and make your community a better place through the Ubrica Sustainable One Health Project.

HOW TO GET STARTED WITH UBRICOIN

  • As a beginner, you need to read the white paper to understand what Ubricoin (UBN) has in store for you. Going through the white paper will also give you insight on how UBN will facilitate global health through the Ubrica project. Ubrica white paper provides an overview of the Ubrica project, Ubricoin and the technology that underpins the Ubricoin cryptocurrency.
  • After reading the whitepaper and understanding UBN, you need a digital wallet. A digital wallet is an application downloaded from the Android Play Store or iOS App Store. You will use the digital wallet to store, receive and send UBN. While installing the digital wallet, it is important to follow the instructions. Save the Recovery Phrase in a secure place. People have lost their digital assets because of forgetting to save the Recovery Phrase or saving the phrase on their phones where the wallet is. When the phone is lost the Recovery Phrases is also lost, meaning you cannot import the wallet to the new phone. Make sure you write the Recovery Phrase on a piece of paper and keep the paper safe, where you keep your hard copy documents. You also need to set up a Passcode or PIN to protect your digital wallet in your phone.
  • Now it’s time to get some Ubricoin into your wallet. You can buy Ubricoin in three ways:
  • with Mpesa
  • from an exchange
  • from the main contract

Each has its own benefits.

Buying using Mpesa

Buying with Mpesa is the simplest method. By using Mpesa you buy coins directly from the Ubrica office. The price is constant. The current price is KSh. 100 and is determined by major liquidity and other significant events in the Ubrica ecosystem. Buying with Mpesa does not require you to register or provide personal information. The only thing required is your address and Mpesa transaction message to verify payment. This is the best option for people who are new to the system and for those who want to hold their coin to sell at a higher price in future. It is also the best option for people who want to join the market of crypto world this is a good starting point. Click here to buy using Mpesa

Buying from an exchange

Buying from an exchange is very cheap and the price keeps on changing depending on the market. However, to buy Ubricoin (UBN) from the exchange you need to register first and buy UBN trading pairs such as ETH, BTC, LTC, DOGE, FNB or USDT. Buying from the exchange is the best option for people who are familiar with exchanges, those who are interested in trading and those who are already holders of other coins.
Click here to buy from an exchange of your choice.

Buying from the main contract

Buying from the main contract involves sending ETH to the contract address, in return the contract sends Ubricoin to the sender (your) address. The price depends on the price of ETH. You therefore, need to buy ETH first to buy Ubricoin. This is the best option for people who already have ETH but do not want to involve themselves in trading. Click here to buy Ubricoins from the main contract.

Join the Ubricoin community https://t.me/ubricoin

UBRICOIN BLOCKCHAIN IN HEALTH

A fully decentralized business model needs both a decentralized infrastructure and a decentralized decision making. Every user in a decentralized network becomes the owner of the network too. Blockchain facilitates the inclusion of fringe stakeholders to position of salience at the core of decision making. In healthcare today decision making is completely centralized. Decisions are made at international level. The current centralized system does not accommodate the fridge stakeholders in decision making.

Blockchain aims at changing the external environment by including the distant voices from the fringe stakeholders who are most of times neglected in our societies. This will help us understand the concerns of distant and diverse stakeholders. Including the fringe stakeholders, allows Ubrica to understand the complex and evolving issues that may potentially affect the basis of its future and addressing them.

Know Your Ubricoin

Ubricoin is a cryptocurrency built on ethereum blockchain. It is a peer-to-peer utility token that will give incentives to anyone in the world to facilitate global health. We will use Ubricoin to create platforms to support life science research and development, generic drugs manufacturing and health services delivery. As an ERC20 token, a UBN is configured to be used globally by all individuals.

We developed Ubricoin on blockchain to serve as a platform devoted to improving quality of health for all. Ubricoin will help achieve universal health, and therefore global health. We will use Ubricoin to develop health industry and create market intelligence through a cryptocurrency reward system that will inspire positive contribution to health improvement around the world. We will use a smart review system to reward consumers for positive health behavior. Educators at all levels of education, researchers, and practitioners at all levels will receive rewards for excellence, quality of work, and positive contribution to society.

We will use Ubricoin to facilitate meaningful interactions among peers working together in Ubrica ecosystem. To start, Ubricoin will facilitate point of sale payment system for Ubrica’s e-commerce platform (sokojanja.com).
Ubricoin will reduce friction of currency in the trade and facilitate real time transfer of cash. Ubricoin will also act as the escrow to protect its members from fraud by eliminating middlemen who do not usually provide value for money.

Why Ubricoin

A UBN is a utility token that represents future access to Ubrica ecosystem. We will use Ubricoin to develop products and services that the token holders will later redeem for goods and services developed by the token.

Ubricoin will support design, development and implementation of Ubrica project to decentralize global health. Ubrica project involves building world class capability for high quality life-science and health-production (LSHP) in the world. Ubrica project will create a node for highly advanced biomedical research and development, and highest quality health care services. The project will ensure sufficient support for discovery of solutions to most vexing health problems in the world, particularly those emerging from the African continent and other developing parts of the world.

Ubricoin will help gather intelligent data about health, nutrition information and diseases. Artificial intelligence will facilitate the presence of global health. Data gathered will help us develop smart community health decision support system, smart public health decision support system and smart clinical decision support systems.

The implication of artificial intelligence will include:

  • early disease detection algorithm built on International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
  • health and diseases monitoring
  • effect and impact evaluation of health programs
  • improved data security, accuracy and speed of diagnosis

Towards Solving the Problem of Quality of Healthcare through University Science and Technology Parks

A science and technology park, also known as a research park is a property based development that fosters the growth of tenant firms and affiliated with a higher institution of learning. The purpose is to facilitate sharing of knowledge, promote innovation and advance research to viable commercial products. The USTP will focus on quality of knowledge. Quality knowledge will lead to production of quality commercial products developed using data collected from the local communities. Ubricoin will facilitate design, development and implementation of Science and Technology Parks (STPs) adjacent to the African Universities. We will also provide STP Development and Management Service through our Scientific Real Estate Development Division (SREDD). The Science and Technology Park Development and Management Service will involve setting out the strategy and objectives of new parks and deciding on the best model for implementation. SREDD will manage many complex processes and diverse relationships.

University Science and Technology Parks benefit to the community

The Science and Technology Parks provide locations that foster innovation and development and commercialization of technology and where government, universities and private companies will collaborate.

  • Science parks will offer a number of shared resources such as incubators, program and collaboration activities, telecommunication hubs, reception, security, among others
  • Science parks also aim to bring together people who assist the developers of technology to bring their work to commercial fruition.
  • They can be attractive to university students who may interact with prospective employers.
  • Apart from tenants, science parks create jobs for the local community, for example they may be built with restaurants, sports facilities, etc.
  • Science parks catalyze community innovation.
  • Science park will produce quality product that are relevant, fit and have working capacity.

Knowledge Conversion/Technology Transfer Service

Ubrica will establish a University Technology Transfer Office (UTTO) to facilitate the commercialization of University intellectual property, including patents and copyrights. UTTO will work with researchers and students in every college to prepare new inventions for the patenting process and potential licensing opportunities.

UTTO’s job will be to create sustained focus on transferring cutting-edge research and innovation to the commercial marketplace, generating revenue and diversifying the economy. The UTTO will have knowledgeable and professional staff with specialized backgrounds. The UTTO staff will work in collaborative teams to create markets, execute patenting and licensing of new ideas, discoveries and innovations, to translate them into the commercial products and services. The UTTO will be responsible for the development, protection, and utilization of intellectual property rights. UTTO will serve as the liaison of cooperative ventures between university and industry.

Start-Up Companies

UTTO will promote and facilitate business development and entrepreneurship by bringing researchers together with experienced entrepreneurs and investors to form companies for commercializing university technologies. The UTTO will create and foster new start-up companies that will create jobs and provide mutually beneficial relationships to advance technological innovations and to bring their services into the marketplace. UTTO will maintain an electronic database of start-ups based on university technology. The data base will be publicly available through Ubrica Website that people can view and invest directly.

Incentive Structure for Science Parks Using Ubricoin

We will create a reward system for the science park. Staff members who will work in collaborative teams to create markets, execute patenting and licensing of new ideas, discoveries and innovations will receive rewards. The Ubricoin will be used to provide discounting services for knowledge conversion enterprise in:

  • exploration during the needs assessments and feasibility studies,
  • research for both qualitative (phemenological, ethnography and grounded theory) and quantitative research (non-experimental, quasi experimental and experimental studies),
  • publication of original works, white papers, monographs, anectdotes and case reports,
  • translation of scientific knowledge which may include execution of patents, intellectual protection and
  • commercialization of products of research.

Solving the Three Fundamental Problems in Healthcare through the Ubrica Projects

Ubricoin is a crypto currency developed to support a global health project (UBRICA) aimed at solving the three fundamental problems in healthcare

  1. Lack of access to health care
  2. Poor quality of care
  3. High cost of healthcare

Lack of access to health care

Ubrica plans to overcome the problem of lack of access to care in two ways. One way is to use Ubricoin to facilitate construction of widely distributed clinical facilities integrated with retail centers and produce processing workshops. Such facilities will be known as URCCs. URCCs will solve the problem of physical access to health care . Ubrica Retail Clinical Centers (URCCs)will have a local produce value addition workshops, and a retail store. The local produce value addition workshops will collect primary produce in local communities to enhance value for export markets. Such value enhance products will be displayed in the onsite retail store and the online Soko Janja, for everyone on the world to see. Ubricoin will be used as payment gateway in the Soko Janja. The complete structure comprising the health services center, the produce value enhancement workshop and the retail store comprise the Ubrica Retail Clinical Center (URCC). URCCs will be the peripheral centers for data collection from the local people. Information collected from the URCCs will then be used in USTPs to develop local products for local communities.

The other way is to increase supply of money by redistributing money through Ubricoin crypto currency and facilitating trade by online and onsite retails markets.

Poor quality of care

To solve the problem of poor quality health care, Ubrics will improve quality of medical services by using Ubricoin to support design, development of science and technology parks (STPs) adjacent to all universities in Kenya. The STPs will promote translation and commercialization of university and community knowledge. This will bring to being, new knowledge technologies and services of great quality.

Ubrica Science and Technology Parks (USTPs) are knowledge conversion and transfer organizations. Ubricoin will promote exploration, research, publication, translation and commercialization of university and community knowledge in the USTPs. This will bring into being, new knowledge technologies and services of great quality. The USTPs will facilitate production of commercial products based on local knowledge collected from the local people. The USTPs will focus on the quality of knowledge, promote innovation and advance research to viable commercial products in the universities. Information collected from the local people through the URCCs will be used in the USTPs to generate products that have relevance, fit and working capacity in solving local problem.

High cost of healthcare

Ubrica will overcome high cost of medical services by using Ubricoin to support construction of a biomedical industrial city (BMIC). It is in the BMIC, that we will support education and manufacture of a full range of medical devices and all products used in health system. Locally manufactured technologies will be cheaper than imported ones.. The Ubrica One Biomedical Industrial City will be a 4,000 acre property with multiple land uses, designed for expresses purpose to promote high-tech manufacturing on biotechnology, and health care. Conditions to bring about disruptive innovations will prevail at Ubrica One. This will enable the participants to introduce brand new, less expensive and appropriate technologies for preventing, curing diseases, creating comforts of life. Technologies emerging from knowledge concentrated from local communities in Ubrica One’s catchment area will be relevant to local conditions.

WE FINALLY HAVE A WAY TO SOLVE THE THREE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS IN HEALTH CARE

Health care in Africa is faced with three fundamental problems. Previous efforts to solve the three problems in Africa have stalled. We therefore created Ustawi Biomedical Research Innovation and Industrial Centers of Africa (UBRICA) to address these three key problems: (a) lack of access to health services, (b) poor quality of health services, and (c) high cost of care.

We plan to overcome access problem in two ways. One way is to support construction of widely distributed clinical facilities integrated with retail centers and produce processing workshops. Such facilities will be known as URCCs. The other way is to increase supply of money by facilitating trade by online and onsite retails markets supported by blockchain money: Ubricoin. We will use Ubricoin to redistribute wealth to the marginalized communities making health care accessible to all.

We shall improve quality of medical services by supporting design, development and science and technology parks (STPs) adjacent to all universities in Kenya. The STPs will promote translation and commercialization of university and community knowledge. This will bring into being, new knowledge technologies and services of great quality.

We shall overcome high cost of medical services by construction of a biomedical industrial city (BMIC). It is in the BMIC, that we will support education and manufacturing of a full range of medical devices and all products used in health system. Locally manufactures technologies will be cheaper than imported versions.

                  HOW UBRICOIN IS DOING IN THE MARKET

What is ubricoin?

Ubricoin is a decentralized application( DApp) built on Ethereum protocol. It is a peer-to-peer utility token that will give incentives to anyone in the world to facilitate production of health.

Why Ubricoin?

1. Ubricoin will act as a store of value, it will uprise in value just as common stocks do. In this way, Ubricoin can be regarded as an investment instrument. We have seen other cryptocurrencies rising in value tremendously. This instrinsic power for crypto-currency increasing in value (such as what occurred with bitcoin), gives them characteristics of precious metal, such as gold. As you know the price of gold changes with time.

2. People with shares can access the ubrica ecosystem  comprising:

Soko Janja

Ubrica retail clinical centers

Science and technological parks

Biomedical industrial city

3. Ubricoin comes with inbuilt  incentive program for excellence. People will receive rewards/loyalty points for doing good.

4. People who shop on Soko Janja will receive rewards in that: if you buy something that is locally produced on soko janja you will be given loyalty points which can be converted to cash as well as buy things at a discount price.

How ubricoin is doing in the market

Ubricoin is doing just great.  UBN will be a starndard currency for medical services, research and development, innovation, translation and commercialization of knowlegde. Medical doctors and university lecturers are excited to learn about UBNs and to receive it as payment for their services.

Medical services

All doctors who are members Kenya Medical Association (KMA) are eligible to receive 500 UBN to facilitate learning how to work with digital currencies. This knowledge includes creating digital wallets, protecting the wallets with seed phrase, private key and passwords. They will also learn how to use their wallets to send or receive money.

Research and development

The research and development (R&D) targets university students and their lecturers/professors. This population is excited  that for the first time in the history of Kenya there will be currency (money) to support their work in research and development.

Because of you, every Christmas at Ubrica is more delightful than the last. You help us make a better organization. Thank you for your trust and belief in us. We look forward to serving you in the coming year. Merry Christmas.

UBRICOIN WEALTH * WELLNESS * WELLBEING*

For more information contact as at Tel +254755844017 or email us at info@ubrica.com

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Intellectual property is the intangible property that is the result of creativity.Generally, it is more than ideas. It refers to creations of the mind, literary,inventions, artistic works and symbols, names and images that are used in business.

Intellectual property can be divided into two categories namely:

  1. Industrial property which includes: patents, trademarks and industrial designs
  2. Copyright which is for literary works.

Protection and promotion of intellectual property is important because the development and progress of humanity is based on one’s capacity to create and invent new works in the areas of technology and culture. This will encourage new innovations and improvement of old inventions. The legal protection of new creations encourages the commitment of additional resources for further innovation. The promotion and protection of intellectual property has a lot of advantages such as spurs economic growth, creates new jobs and emergence of industries, and enhances the quality and enjoyment of life.

An efficient and equitable intellectual property system can help all countries to realize intellectual property’s potential as a catalyst for economic development and social and cultural well-being. The intellectual property system helps strike a balance between the interests of innovators and the public interest. This in turn provides an environment in which creativity and invention can flourish, for the benefit of all.

Intellectual property will bring pleasure to millions of people through film, publishing and software. It will incentivize people to produce better and efficient products. It will in turn build confidence in the product consumers.

There are the different types of intellectual property;

PATENTS

A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention. A patent provides patent owners with protection for their inventions. Protection is granted for a limited period which is generally 20 years. Patents provide incentives to individuals by recognizing their creativity and offering the possibility of material reward for their marketable inventions. These incentives encourage innovation. This will in turn enhance the quality of human life.

Protection of Patents

Patent protection means an invention cannot be commercially made, used, distributed or sold without the patent owner’s consent.  Patent rights are usually enforced in courts that, in most systems, hold the authority to stop patent infringement. A court can also declare a patent invalid upon a successful challenge by a third party.

TRADEMARKS

A trade mark is a distinctive sign that identifies certain goods or services produced or provided by an individual or a company. Trademark protection ensures that the owners of marks have the exclusive right to use them to identify goods or services, or to authorize others to use them in return for payment.

Its origin dates back to ancient times when craftsmen reproduced their signatures, or marks, on their artistic works or products of a functional or practical nature.Over the years, these marks have evolved into today’s system of trademark registration and protection. The system helps consumers to identify and purchase a product or service based on whether its specific characteristics and quality as indicated by its unique trademark.

The period of protection varies, but a trademark can be renewed indefinitely upon payment of the fees required. Trademark protection is legally enforced by courts which have the authority to stop trademark infringement. In a larger sense,trademarks promote initiative and enterprise worldwide by rewarding their owners with recognition and financial profit. Trademark protection also hinders the efforts of unfair competitors, such as counterfeiters, to use similar distinctive signs to market inferior or different products or services. The system enables people with skill and enterprise to produce and market goods and services in the fairest possible conditions, thereby facilitating international trade.

Types of Trademarks

Trademarks may be one or a combination of words, letters and numerals. They may consist of drawings, symbols or three dimensional signs, such as the shape and packaging of goods. In some countries, non-traditional marks may be registered for distinguishing features such as holograms, motion, color and non-visible signs(sound, smell or taste).

Trademark Protection

Almost all countries in the world register and protect trademarks. Each national or regional office maintains a Register of Trademarks containing full application information on all registrations and renewals. It facilitates examination,search and potential opposition by third parties. The effects of the registration are, limited to the countries concerned. To avoid the need to register separate applications with each national or regional office, WIPO administers an international registration system for trademarks.

Industrial Design

An industrial design refers to the ornamental or aesthetic aspects of an article.  A design may consist of three – dimensional features, such as the shape or surface of an article, or two – dimensional features, such as patterns, lines or color.

Industrial designs are applied to a wide variety of industrial products and handicrafts: from technical and medical instruments to watches, jewelry and other luxury items; from housewares and electrical appliances to vehicles and architectural structures; from textile designs to  leisure goods. To be protected under the law, an industrial design must be new or original and non – functional. This means  that an industrial design is primarily of an aesthetic nature, and any technical features of the article to which it is applied are not protected by the design registration. However,those features could be protected by a patent.

Protection of Industrial Design

Protection ensures a fair return on investment. An effective system of protection also benefits consumers and the public at large This is by promoting fair competition and honest trade practices, encouraging creativity and promoting more aesthetically pleasing products. Designs contribute to the expansion of commercial activity and the export of national products. Industrial designs can be relatively simple and inexpensive to develop and protect. They are reasonably accessible to small and medium-sized enterprises as well as to individual artists, in both developed and developing countries.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright laws grant authors, artists and other creators’ protection for their literary and artistic creations, generally referred to as “works”. The beneficiaries of related rights are: performers (such as actors and musicians) in their performances; producers of phonograph (for example, compact discs) in their sound recordings; and broadcasting organizations in their radio and television programs.

Works covered by copyright include, but are not limited to: novels, poems, plays,reference works, newspapers, advertisements, computer programs, databases,films, musical compositions, choreography, paintings, drawings, photographs,sculpture, architecture, maps and technical drawings.

Benefits of Copyright Protection

1. Fostering human creativity and creation.

2. Giving other artists and creators incentives in the form of recognition and rewards.

3. Companies investing in the creation development and global dissemination of their works.

Conclusion

  • IP is more than ideas, is it commercializing the work of the mind.

Compiled by June Wachira and Purity Muthua